There is some confusion on the doctrine of the Lord Jesus Christ’s Omnipresence after His ascension to the heavenly realm at the right hand of God the Father. Throughout the history of the Christian Church there has been discussions on theology and debates (i.e. Reformers, Reformation, Lutherans) on whether or not that the Lord Jesus Christ is Omnipresent bodily or spiritually. The focus here will be on whether or not that the Lord Jesus Christ can be in more than one place (Omnipresent) at a time physically (bodily), thus implying being limited in the sense to which He now has a glorified body of flesh, the God-man, Hypostatic Union. (hypostasis)
Affirmations and Rejections
1 affirm both the Deity and humanity of Jesus “AFTER” His resurrection
2 affirm Jesus having a both flesh and bones “AS” Luke 24 states
3 affirm Jesus as High Priest in the heavenly realm “AFTER” His resurrection
4 affirm Jesus will return as He did with the “SAME” body as He had when He ascended
5 affirm Jesus as the one Mediator between God and man “AFTER” His resurrection
6 reject the view that Jesus is not Deity and a glorified man
7 reject the view that Jesus did not have flesh and bones after His resurrection
8 reject the view that Jesus does not intercede as our High Priest in heaven to the Father for sins of mankind
9 reject the view that Jesus will not return in the same body as His ascended with
10 reject the view that Jesus is not the one Mediator between God and man
Observing the history of the Christian Church we notice that there have been various people and sects (i.e. Reformers, Reformation, Lutherans) that have discussed Theology on both the humanity and Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ, known as the Hypostatic Union (hypostasis). The Hypostatic Union has been explained and written about by many over the years, and the following references are simple and easy to read in understanding a core doctrine of the Bible and the Christian Church.
“This is the union of the two natures (Divine and human) in the person of Jesus. Jesus is God in flesh (John 1:1, 14; 10:30-33; 20:28; Phil. 2:5-8; Heb. 1:8). He is fully God and fully man (Col. 2:9); thus, He has two natures: God and man. He is not half God and half man. He is 100% God and 100% man. He never lost His divinity. He continued to exist as God when He became a man and added human nature to Himself (Phil. 2:5-11). Therefore, there is a “union in one person of a full human nature and a full divine nature.” Right now in Heaven there is a man, Jesus, who is our Mediator between us and God the Father (1 Tim. 2:5).” CARM Hypostatic Union
“The hypostatic union is the term used to describe how God the Son, Jesus Christ, took on a human nature, yet remained fully God at the same time. Jesus always had been God (John 8:58, 10:30), but at the incarnation Jesus became a human being (John 1:14). The addition of the human nature to the divine nature is Jesus, the God-man. This is the hypostatic union, Jesus Christ, one Person, fully God and fully man.” GOT QUESTIONS HYPOSTATIC UNION
“20 For where two or three have gathered together in My name, I am there in their midst.” MATTHEW 18:20 NASB
Prior to the cross and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ He taught His disciples that where they are gathered in His name He would be among them, in their midst. This is an example of Jesus not being limited to one location at one time, even before the cross and resurrection, thus showing His Glory and Omnipresence.
“16 I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever; 17 that is the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him, but you know Him because He abides with you and will be in you. 18 “I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you. 19 After a little while the world will no longer see Me, but you will see Me; because I live, you will live also. 20 In that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you. 23 Jesus answered and said to him, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our abode with him.” JOHN 14:16-20 & 23 NASB
Notice how Jesus spoke to His disciples about Him going to be with the Father and that He would come back to them, and they would know this in that day more clearly. Notice that all 3 would be in them (disciples), the Father, Jesus, and the Holy Spirit, They would make Their abode in the disciples. (three distinct persons, one God, the Trinity Doctrine, Tri-Unity of God) Jesus spoke about what was going to take place, and that they would know it. Jesus was stating that all who come to know Him (born again) would have the presence of Jesus “in them”. This shows that Jesus can be in His followers all around the world at the same time showing His “Omnipresence”.
The Lord Jesus Christ’s Omnipresence after the Cross and His Resurrection
“18 And Jesus came up and spoke to them, saying, “All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” MATTHEW 28:18-20 NASB
Notice how Jesus taught He was distinct from the Father and the Holy Spirit, which is known as the doctrine of the Trinity or Tri-Unity of God. After Jesus was resurrected He said He had “all authority” in heaven and on earth, thus showing His “Omnipotence”. (power) Notice again how Jesus also said to His disciples, “I am with you always, even to the end of the age”, showing His “Omnipresence”. Do you see how this would demonstrate that Jesus is all powerful and is with His followers all around the world and in heaven at the same time? This affirms how Jesus can be Omnipresent while in the heavenly realm and hear on the earth.
“4 I glorified You on the earth, having accomplished the work which You have given Me to do. 5 Now, Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.” JOHN 17:4-5 NASB
Another example how Jesus can be Omnipresent both spiritually and physically. Here we see Jesus speaking to God the Father prior to the cross and His resurrection, and this goes well with the Omnipresence of the Lord Jesus Christ. Notice how Jesus speaks of His glory prior to coming to this world and His taking on our likeness, and that He would be glorified with the glory He had prior. We are taught throughout the Gospel of John and the Bible as a whole that Jesus had a pre-existence, Jesus is eternally the I AM, Creator, alongside with the Father and the Holy Spirit. The glory of Jesus was to be His again, and Jesus affirmed His fullness in Matthew 28 and numerous times in the book of Revelation, thus showing His Omnipresence then and now.
The Lord Jesus Christ’s Omnipresence Conclusion
The purpose for this information was to give clear and concise explanations in reference to the Lord Jesus Christ’s Identity, Humanity, Omnipresence, the Hypostatic Union, and to affirm His full power and glory in the heavenly realm alongside God the Father. Of course more could be written and addressed, but this is suffice for now and I hope it is helpful to the readers.