Have you ever heard a Calvinist/Reformer state that God is not a Saviour that fails? Or a Calvinist/Reformer ask did Christ die for all the lost people in hell? They state that if Jesus died for all and since all are not saved then Jesus must of have failed…etc. I have heard these statements and many others like them over the years, and they are false assertions. The Gospel, contrary to the doctrine of Limited Atonement, is that Jesus came and died on the cross to make atonement for the sins of the world, and whosoever puts their trust (genuine) in Him will be saved. Examine the Day of Atonement with the doctrine of Limited Atonement and see what the Scriptures teach.
What Calvinists/Reformers have said on the doctrine Limited Atonement and Who did Jesus die for
Matt Slick (CARM) states from his article Did Jesus Die for Everyone the following: “Reformed theology, also known as Calvinism, teaches that Jesus only bore the sins of the elect and that He did not die for the sins of everyone who ever lived. This teaching is held by the Reformed and Presbyterian Churches as well as some Baptist ones…since people do go to Hell, it is logical to believe that Jesus only bore the sins of the Christians. The Reformed theologians would say that though Jesus’ sacrifice was sufficient for all, it was not intended for all“ (Did Jesus Die for Everyone? Matt Slick, CARM link)
Dr. James White (Alpha and Omega Ministries) states from his article, Was Anyone Saved At The Cross the following: “Why did Christ come to die? Did He come simply to make salvation possible, or did He come to actually obtain eternal redemption (Hebrews 9:12)?…if Christ died for all men, there are many, many who will remain impure for all eternity. Was Christ’s death insufficient to cleanse them?…Yet, we ask, is there an advantage in presenting to men an atonement that is theoretical, a Savior whose work is incomplete, and a gospel that is but a possibility? What kind of proclamation will God honor with His Spirit: one that is tailored to seek “success,” or one that is bound to the truth of the Word of God? When the Apostles preached the Gospel, they did not say, “Christ died for all men everywhere, and it is up to you to make His work effective.” They taught that Christ died for sinners, and that it was the duty of every man to repent and believe. They knew that only God’s grace could bring about repentance and faith in the human heart. And far from that being a *hindrance* to their evangelistic work, it was the power behind it! They proclaimed a *powerful* Savior, whose work is all sufficient, and who saves men totally and completely!“ (Was Anyone Saved At The Cross?, Dr. James White, Alpha and Omega Ministries link)
Examining Conditions of The Day of Atonement – Dismantling the doctrine Limited Atonement
“29 “This shall be a permanent statute for you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall humble your souls and not do any work, whether the native, or the alien who sojourns among you; 30 for it is on this day that atonement shall be made for you to cleanse you; you will be clean from all your sins before the LORD…26 The LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 27 “On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the LORD. 28 You shall not do any work on this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement on your behalf before the LORD your God. 29 If there is any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people. 30 As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.” (Leviticus 16:29-30 & Leviticus 23:26-31)
Why is the Day of Atonement the crusher of Limited Atonement in Calvinism? The atonement was done by the high priest and was applicable for all Israel. This atonement was for the Israelites, any alien or native, etc. who would take the atonement to their heart, and humble themselves. The atonement was for all Israel, but it did not atone all of Israel. The conditions are stated in Leviticus 16:29-30 and Leviticus 23:26-31 that they must humble themselves, not work, and if they did not do this they would be cut off and destroyed among his people.
Keeping things simple. The gospel of Jesus Christ is that He died for the whole world, for whosoever would put their trust in Jesus as the Saviour and Son of God would be saved. Equally so the Day of Atonement was for all Israel, for Israelites and foreigners who would humble themselves in the Lord. The comparison is this, that both had people whom did not receive the atonement and there was no failure on the part high priest or Jesus. Sadly, Calvinism teaches a false version of the gospel called the doctrine of Limited Atonement, and many have not properly examined this carefully.
Jesus’ Atonement-Sacrifice for the World
“29 The next day he saw Jesus coming to him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!“ (John 1:29)
“14 As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up; 15 so that whoever believes will in Him have eternal life.
16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18 He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” (John 3:14-18)
“and they were saying to the woman, “It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves and know that this One is indeed the Savior of the world.”” (John 4:42)
“Then Jesus again spoke to them, saying, “I am the Light of the world; he who follows Me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the Light of life.”” (John 8:12)
“and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for those of the whole world.” (1 John 2:2)
“We have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son to be the Savior of the world.” (1 John 4:14)
The Day of Atonement and the Sacrifice of Jesus for the world demonstrates that Calvinism has a false version of the gospel of Christ.